Disk of the World

Constellation ArgoStar SiriusGreat PyramidMinoan GuardsPyramid Geometry
Phaistos Disk Solution = Hidden Patterns     Solution Strategy = Matching Pictographs Connected

"Oh my God, it's full of stars. The thing's hollow! It goes on forever..." (2001: A Space Odyssey)

It does go on forever, as do the stars it describes so well. The Phaistos Disk is like a message in a bottle, but preserved on a clay disk instead. It is perhaps a record of the creation of the constellations by the Minoans. Excavated by archaeologists in 1908, at Phaistos palace in Crete, the disk and its origin remain big questions. Who created this 3,600 year old artifact and why? Of all of the suggestions I have offered over the last eighteen years (now 22), based on my research and steady thinking about this artifact, I have settled on these three possibilities.

The Minoans did it. The Phaistos Disk is the product of a Minoan civilization so artistically and scientifically advanced for its time, that we are having difficulty in accepting the brilliance of this ancient world.

Aliens did it. The Phaistos Disk was created by aliens to preserve an event in Earth history when aliens came from a distant galaxy and intervened in the Minoan and Egyptian cilivizations to build the Great Pyramid, for reasons we have yet to figure out.

The Minoans-Atlanteans did it. The Minoans were resonant with planetary ultraterrestrials, the legendary Atlanteans, who guided them in creating the Phaistos Disk and in building an Atlantis on earth - Minoan Crete.

If choices two and three seem far-fetched, then you don't know the Phaistos Disk like I do. The Phaistos Disk is an ancient artifact nearly 4,000 years old. But despite its meticulous recording of historical events, the disk's validity recently came under attack by an opportunistic archaeologist, who claimed the Phaistos Disk to be a hoax. He also claimed to be an authority on art hoaxes. I take this opportunity to defend the Phaistos Disk and its discoverer, Luigi Pernier.


(a) - The hoaxologist published this theory as an article in a magazine he funds himself. The magazine contains archaeology articles and advertisements for antique furniture that he owns.

(b) - He claims Luigi Pernier, who discovered the disk in 1908, was motivated to create it and plant it there because he was jealous of Sir Arthur Evans' fame.

(c) - Luigi Pernier, the discoverer of the Phaistos Disk, is dead and cannot defend himself, nor has anything ever been written or recorded to indicate Luigi Pernier did anything wrong.

(d) - He seeks to create a debate in London at the Society of Antiqueries as to whether it is a forgery.

(e) - He chooses who will debate his theory that the disk is a forgery.

(f) - He has invited as a keynote speaker another archaeologist who is an expert in Aegean scripts.

(g) - When I offered, by email, to appear at the debate and defend Luigi Pernier and disprove the forgery theory, I have so far received no response. I do not expect to receive an invitation. Therefore, the following is my debate.

(h) - Less than a day after I first published this web page, I received this email response.


Dear Ms. Watson,

Please excuse my delay in answering your very interesting e-mail as I have been inundated with e-mail correspondence. I would certainly be interested in receiving your abstract for either an oral or poster presentation for the Conference provided it is [sic] basically consists of new and original ideas beyond your Minoan wave spiral concept and not something that you have already published on your website (which I have made reference to in my article).

I look forward to your reply and to the possibility that you might attend the Conference.


Jerome M. Eisenberg. Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief, Minerva,
The International Review of Ancient Art & Archaeology,
Chairman, International Conference on the Phaistos Disk

I have extensively researched the Phaistos Disk for eighteen years (now 22) and I believe it is an authentic Minoan artifact. I also believe that the man who created this hoax theory is motivated to draw attention to himself, to sell subscriptions to his magazine and to create more advertising revenue for his advertisers. I suggest it is not Luigi Pernier who was jealous of Evans but the hoaxologist who is jealous of Luigi Pernier for achieving something remarkable in archaeology. Eisenberg has no qualms in destroying Luigi Pernier's good name and reputation in order to sell subscriptions and furniture. He may call his scheduled event the International Conference on the Phaistos Disk, but he certainly has no intentions of holding a serious debate on the Phaistos Disk suitable to the antiquarian society.

The Society of Antiqueries in London is centuries-old and is a respected forum for debate, but Eisenberg does not hesitate to use this society to commercialize himself. The original concept of the debate was one of scholarship and not commercialism. The Society should halt this conference, or remove him from control of who will attend, and take control of it themselves, so that at the center of the debate is the Phaistos Disk. The debate should include anyone who has original material to present in debating this hoax theory, which also entails defending Luigi Pernier and his good name. If only linguists and scriptologists attend, then no meaningful debate can be expected that would disprove the hoaxologist's theory, as the Phaistos Disk contains a one-off script, if it really is a script at all.

My work on the Phaistos Disk has been published for many years and while it may not conclusively prove what the Phaistos Disk is all about, it certainly proves conclusively that this artifact cannot possibly be a forgery, and for several reasons.

(1) - The Phaistos Disk is remarkable no matter when it was created. Even today, this would be an amazing creation by a ceramics artist. But in 1908 when it was discovered not enough was known about this civilization, or even this period of time, by any artist or archaeologist anywhere to create this pottery art masterpiece that so perfectly aligns itself with what we now know about the Minoan Civilization.

(2) - Even if you could present a good argument that this incredible artifact could be created by someone in 1908, you could hardly argue effectively that the artist who created it would be satisfied to remain forever anonymous, with not even a death bed confession.

(3) - Even an archaeologist overcome with jealously could still reason that the discovery of one significant artifact could never outweigh the discovery by Evans of an entire lost civilization.

(4) - A scientific test that would destroy part of the artifact is not even necessary. Just a look at the eight hidden patterns on the disk will prove its authenticity. They are: a Minoan wave spiral; a Minoan figure 8 shield; a star inside a heptagon which could be the star Sirius surrounded by the seven planets; a perfect image of the constellation Argo; an interior view of a pyramid; an exterior view of a pyramid that could be the Great Pyramid; and an image that might be the sacred cave where telescope lenses were discovered that are now on display in a museum in Crete.

(5) - A debate worthy of the Society of Antiqueries in London would be how significant these images could be in establishing a theory of Minoan astronomy. This of course does not further the agenda of the hoaxologist, but it does acknowledge Luigi Pernier in his significant discovery and it lends a great deal of credence to recent theories by archaeologists G. Henriksson and M. Blomberg who write:

We argue from these results (astronomical orientation of the palaces of Crete) that the Minoans had begun systematic observations of the sun, the moon and the bright star Arcturus by the end of the Early Minoan Period (ca 2000 BC). The proximity of Crete to Egypt and the Near East and the documented contact among these regions invite comparison of the calendrical uses of astronomical knowledge in the three areas in the Bronze Age.


In conclusion, the Phaistos Disk hoax theory is not sound and is even dangerous because it threatens to derail the possibility of significant research into the area of Minoan astronomy. More important than selling antique furniture is to discuss whether the Minoans were astronomers in their own right. A look at the Phaistos Disk and these eight patterns might justify the funding of more research into this area of archaeoastronomy.

The disk preserves plane geometry that may have been used in the construction of the Great Pyramid, with both exterior and interior views of the Great Pyramid preserved on the disk. Also preserved is the use of the Great Pyramid to study the stars and map the constellations. The picture perfect Constellation Argo is on the disk as is a big star inside the seven shields (pentagram inside a heptagon). And when you consider there are 48 main constellations, which we suspect came from (or through) Minoan Crete, and there are also 48 unique pictographs on the disk, then you could conclude, as I have done, that the pictographs could be graphic abbreviations of the constellations (some of them now perhaps obsolete) and they also display the origins of the myths from which they came, sometimes recognizable as either Minoan or Egyptian mythology and some others.

The pictographs indicate the Minoans merged many of their ideologies regarding astronomy, geometry, and religion with the Egyptians for a transformation of myths from Egypt through Crete and eventually to Greece. Did they get all this science from Sumer or Babylon? I don't know. I have not gotten that far in my research, but based on what I have found and understood, the Minoans were astronomers in their own right.

Astronomy may have been just as popular and well-known then as astrology is today, and maybe that whole part of the world shared their ideas with each other and developed them individually in their own countries. Whatever the case, the Minoans were brilliant. Their civilization was pre-history's enlightened world, and the phaistos disk reveals it.


Page 1 - Antique Science of Containment | Many Hidden Patterns
Page 2 - The Tablet | Who Created It? | How to Solve It
Page 3 - Constellation Argo - The Ferry | Khufu Ship | Rope Truss
     Argo Sails Backwards for 2,300 Years!
Page 4 - North Star | Enochian Language
     Linear "A" for Argothic? | Egyptian Influences
Page 5 - Great Pyramid Exterior
Page 6 - Pyramid Interior | Pyramid Goddess
     Archaeoastronomy Site | Vault Technology
Page 7 - Minoan Warriors
Page 8 - Apex and Base
     Minoan Symbols for Star and Constellation
Page 9 - Pyramid Geometry
Page 10 - Maze Solution | Phi Spiral
Page 11 - Conclusion | Unidentified Patterns | Ships of the Sky
Page 12 - Minoan Calendars | Minoan LuniSolar Calendar
     Minoan Zodiac Stellar Calendar | Minoan Sothic Calendar
     Minoan 366-Day Year Calendar
Page 13 - Brilliant Lost World
Page 14 - Origins of the Phaistos Disk | How Was it Made?
Page 15 - Evans Pictographs
Page 16 - Pictographs Numbered | Entire Inscription
Page 17 - It's Full of Stars! | Hoax Defense | Infamous Letter
     Wrong Motivation | Conclusion
Page 18 - Galileo on Philosophy | The Crater of the Whorl
     Remembering the Whorl | Planeism |Tree of Life
     The Arktype Astrology | Waking Whorl and Dream Whorl
Page 19 - The Phaistos Disk! | Hidden Patterns | Emerald Table
     Astronomer-Artist | As Above, So Below | Planeism
Page 20 - Crete Invents Modern Astrology
     Sexigesimal System | Phi Spiral | Astronomical Ages
     Birthing Stone of Zeus | Watcher Unseen
Page 21 - Phaistos Disk Color Animations
Page 22 - Phaistos Disk Maze of Daedalus
     Daedalus, Cunning Artificer | Palace of Knossos
     Daedalus Invents Images
Page 23 - Animated Geometry
Page 24 - Shield of Achilles
Page 25 - Great Pyramid on the Phaistos Disk
Page 26 - Constellation Argo Sail Backwards for 2,300 Years
Page 27 - North Star, Sirius, the Planets and Stars
Page 28 - 3,600 Year-Old Animation
Page 29 - Phaistos Disk Clay Pictographs
Page 30 - Emerald Table of Hermes Trismegistus

Copyright Notice - Disk of the World - Text and images copyrighted March 21, 1993-2017, Claire Grace Watson, B.A., M.S.T., U.S. Copyright and under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, All rights reserved. No part of this web page may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without written permission from the author, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.

1600 BCE, Crete
Phaistos Disk
Phaistos Disk My exact tracing
of the Phaistos Disk
with pictographs color coded
Phaistos Disk
Phaistos Disk
Overlap the two sides at the matching line segments
Phaistos Disk
My exact tracing
of the Phaistos Disk, pictographs removed
Phaistos Disk Infinity
My exact tracing
of the Phaistos Disk with pictographs
Phaistos Disk
Phaistos Disk

The artist(s) of the disk puzzle populated the spirals with pictographs as place holders for the hidden large pictographs (patterns), revealed when the matching pictographs are connected with lines, as in connecting points with lines in geometry and stars with lines in astronomy to produce constellations.

Phaistos Disk, Constellation Argo
Phaistos Disk, Pentagram, Heptagram
Phaistos Disk, Geometry
Phaistos Disk, Interior Great Pyramid
Phaistos Disk, Sacred Cave
Phaistos Disk, Right Triangle
Phaistos Disk, Great Pyramid Geometry
Phaistos Disk, Great Pyramid Geometry
Phaistos Disk, Cone
Phaistos Disk, Inverted Pyramid
Phaistos Disk, Inverted Pyramid
Phaistos Disk, Octahedron










Disk of the World