PHAISTOS DISK INSPIRED OPINIONATED DICTIONARY
EARLY COMMON ERA GNOSTICISM
The Nag Hammadi Library, The Secret Books of the Egyptian Gnostics
Page 23 - SECTION V
Valentinians - This Gnostic sect, followers of Valentinus, believed the Cross is the secret of the Limit between the Father of Greatness and the lower Earth. The Valentinians practiced rituals and ceremonies intended to render themselves invisible, after death, to the powers of heavens their souls might encounter on ascent towards the Light.
The Valentinians possessed a Gospel of Truth. St. Iraneus accused them of boasting they had more gospels than are actually in existence and that they made them up. Two schools of thought developed within the sect causing a schism. One school believed the body of Jesus is psychic and at baptism the Spirit (the Word of the Mother from on high, Sophia) descended to him in the form of a dove, awakening his psychic element. The other school believed the body of Jesus is spiritual because the holy Spirit, Sophia, had descended to Mary. There a disagreement as to whether the supreme divinity is a monad or a dyad.
Both schools taught that from the angels, born of the union of Sophia and the Savior, proceed Three Principles - Material, Psychic, and Spiritual. These three correspond to the three races of humanity and their higher and lower destinies. The three races are pre-figured by Cain (material), Abel (psychic), and Seth (spiritual). The Valentinians believed that after the spiritual seed which is dispersed among beings has attained to perfection, the Wisdom (Sophia) will re-enter the Pleroma whore she will be espoused to the Savior, with the Pleroma as the heavenly bridal chamber. The spiritual beings will attain to the Pleroma, while the souls of the psychic will attain to the Plane vacated by Sophia, but will be cut off from the Pleroma by Horos-Stauros and become brides of the angels who surround the Savior. Then, the latent heat in the Earth will flame forth, completely destroying matter and the souls of the material. All matter will pass into nothingness.
"It is a faithful person fond of learning who is the worker of truth." (The Sentences of Sextus, Gnostic papyri)
Valentinus - Lived in Alexandria, Egypt (110-36 CE) When he was defeated in his candidature for the bishopric, he broke from the Church and withdrew to Cyprus to found his school there. He taught in Rome from 136-165 CE, and his disciples were Marcus, Ptolemy, Theodotus, Heracleon, Secundus. and Epiphanius.
Valentinus taught that the higher primordial world began as multiple series of emanations issuing from the supreme and invisible Father in successive couples. The origin of all things is a perfect aeon called Pro-Father, described also as the abyss, who is incomprehensible and eternal and dwells in profound repose. Co-existent with the pro-Father is a Thought which is also Silence. Thought and pro-Father unite to emanate the eight pairs of aeons (Ogdoad). Then, ten more are emanated, then 12 more, totaling 30 in all - the Pleroma, or Plentitude. The last Aeon, Wisdom (Sophia), tries to imitate the pro-Father by emanating as he had done, without a partner. The result is a terrible imperfection, the beginning of the created world.
Sophia and her creation are cut off from the Pleroma by the Horos-Stauros, Limit-Cross, and strive to re-ascend (as Malkuth seeks to re-unite with Kether in Kabala). The fallen Sophia, the Hebrew Akhamoth, prays to be readmitted into the Pleroma, and her prayers are heard. After a savior in dispatched to her, they give birth to angels. Among. these angels is the demiurge, who creates the cosmocrator, the devil, who rules over the visible heavens and the Earth. The demiurge, in this account, in not unrighteous. Called Metropator (Mother/Father), the demiurge directs the economy of the universe, and joyfully welcomes the savior and learns from him.
In the Beginning | Subjects
A | Abel | Abraham | Abrasax | Adam | Adamanous | Aeons
Alchemy | Allogeneous Books | Androgyny | Anthropos
Archons | Archontici | Astrology, Classical | Athoth
Audians | Augustine, St.
Barbelo | Bardeson of Edessa | Baruch | Basilides | Behemoth
Book of Archangels | Book of Buried Pearls
Book of the Cave of Treasure
Cain | Cainites | Carpocrates | Cathars | Celsus | Chaos
Chenoboskion Manuscripts | Christianity
Cosmogony of the Gnostics | Counterfeiting Spirit
D | Death | Decans | Deir Anba-Palamun | Diagram
Dragon, Constellation of | Dualism
E | Egypt | El | Elohim | Enki | Enoch
Enoch, Book of the Secrets of | Essenes | Eugnostos | Eve
F | Fate | Father
G | Gnosis | Gnosticism
H | Hebdomad | Hermes | Hermes Trismegistus | Hermeticism
Holy Spirit | Homer
I | Ialdabaoth | Islam
J | Jesus Christ | John the Baptist | Judaism | Jung Codex
K | Kanteans | Key to Hydromancy | Kukeans
L | Leviathan | Limit-Cross | Luria, Isaac
M | Mandaeans | Manes | Manichaeism | Marcus | Mariamne
Mary | Matter | Melchizedek | Messenger, Divine | Mithra
Moses | Mountain of Lights
N | Nassenes | Nicolaitans | Noah | Norea
O | Ogdoad | Ophites | Ousiarchs
P | Paul, Apocalypse of | Perfect, The | Persia | Philo
Philosophers, Akhmim | Plato | Pleiades |
Pleroma | Plotinus
Porphyry | Principle of Opposites
Primordial Principles, Three | Pythagorus
Q | Queen of Heaven
R | Right and Left, Places of the
S | Sabaoth | Sacla | Seals | Sephiroth | Seth | Sethians | Shem
Simon Magus | Sophia
T | Thirteenth Aeon | Tree of Death
Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil | Tree of Life
Trees of Paradise
U | Ur
V | Valentinians | Valentinus
W | Wheel of Time
Z | Zoe | Zoroaster
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Claire Grace Watson, B.A., M.S.T., U.S. Copyright and under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, All rights reserved. No part of this web page may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without written permission from the author, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.